The street is known as “Arcadian Way” because it was named in honour of the emperor Arcadius (AD 383-408) who enlarged and restored it. The street was 530 meters long and 11 meters wide, and on both sides of the street there were shops and galleries, and gates in the form of monumental arches. There were four higher columns with the statues of four apostles on the top. It was one of the three lighted street at that time along with Rome and Antioch. 50 streetlights lit up its colonnades and water, sewerage channels ran beneath the marble flagstones. The sewerage channels extend as far as the port.
This street is one of the best preserved and the most glorious structures of the antiquity. There are no other well-arranged and large streets in the other archaic cities in Anatolia. Today, the columns beside the street are still standing. There was a monument which has 4 columns topped by Corinthian capitals. The monument had Early Byzantine Age characteristics, so it’s possible to say that the monument has been built in the age of Justinianus.


The word Gladiator is originally comes from the Latin word (gladius)  for the sword, so it literally means swordsman.
Roman gladiators were professional knights. Their job was attracting the crowd. They were armed combatants who entertained audiences in violent confrontations with other gladiators, wild animals and condemned criminals. The entertainments were most frequently finished by someone’s death or fatal injuries.
It is supposed that approximately 300 000 people were died somehow in famous Colosseum in Rome. Even in Traianus’ Independence celebrations, 5 000 people have fought.
A famous gladiator dealer Commodus killed 100 bears in a day and 12 000 people in his life. He gained 1 million sestertii (ancient roman coin) per kills. He could be the first man on the earth who gained for his enjoyment.
The numbers are absolutely not meaningless. We have to observe this tradition on the time sequence:
The force of Rome was based on its superiority of military and political field. It could impose its religion, language, science and art with its strong army over the other developed cultures. In addition to the gladiator and animal fights, the amphitheatres wherein marine battles were showed, were the landmarks which symbolize independence and authority. All the people under Roman reign were organizing shows in amphitheatres and gladiator fights as a symbol of their obedience for Great Rome Empire.
According to the reports that the ancient writers provided, the first fight in arena was seen near Tiber, in a beef market. In this arena son of a senator pit 3 fighters against each other in honour of his father’s funeral ceremony.


The first gladiator fights were organized in the Roman General Lucullus’ age, in 69 BC. The gladiator fights were become a part of Eastern Greek culture with the spread of Rome. The fights were being organized as a part of Emperor Cult. So the eastern block of the stadium of Ephesus the capital of the Asian state, was restructured as an arena.

Arcadian Way

Gladiators in Ephesus

The one of the most important gladiator schools was in Ephesus called “Ludus Magnus” The Great Gladiatorial Training School. There were specific teachers for each weapon. At first, they were training with wooden weapons. It has been found some reliefs recently which represent training process of gladiators with some other gladiator reliefs in a place called Şirince Strait around Izmir, Turkey.

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